Shwe Mann Ousted Over Ties to Rivals, Contentious Bills: Minister
By Hnin Yadana Zaw & Antoni Slodkowski 16 August 2015
NAYPYIDAW — Burma’s President Thein Sein sacked Shwe Mann as ruling party chairman last week because he supported controversial bills in Parliament and had ties to rival party leaders, the information minister told Reuters in an interview on Saturday.
The comments by Ye Htut, who is also Thein Sein’s spokesman, are the most detailed yet by the government on why Shwe Mann was ousted just three months before a general election.
In a post on Facebook on Saturday, Shwe Mann said he had worked toward creating a more robust role for Parliament in the nation’s democracy.
The battle between two of Burma’s most powerful figures played out in dramatic fashion on Wednesday when security forces surrounded the headquarters of the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) in the capital Naypyidaw.
Shwe Mann had antagonized the military by building ties with Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi and backing her campaign to change the Constitution. The military handed power to a semi-civilian government in 2011 but retains an effective veto over changes to the political system.
Both Thein Sein and Shwe Mann are former generals who played prominent roles in the junta that ruled Burma for 49 years.
Members of the USDP’s governing body sent Thein Sein a secret letter a few weeks ago to express concerns about party policy under Shwe Mann, Ye Htut said.
They were also concerned about a lack of transparency in his relationships with rival party leaders, he said, although he declined to say with whom.
While acknowledging Shwe Mann’s ouster was not good for the party’s image ahead of the November election, Ye Htut said Shwe Mann had made some “very questionable” decisions in Parliament over the past year that reflected his own political ambitions rather than what was best for the party and the country.
That included his support in June for a constitutional amendment to limit the military’s power, a bill that failed to pass Parliament but was backed by Suu Kyi, he said.
“He sometimes tried to force his will on other people,” Ye Htut said. “This kind of thing happened again and again. Because of his leadership style, there was a lot of concern about inter-party democracy.”
Efforts by Reuters to reach Shwe Mann on Saturday for comment were unsuccessful.
In the Facebook post on Saturday, Shwe Mann said he would do nothing to endanger the country or the people, and that neither should anybody else.
He defended his work as a lawmaker and speaker of Parliament in Burma’s Lower House.
“While others wished to make it a rubber-stamp Parliament, I started making it a real life-blood institution of a democratic society. I’ve been facing a lot of difficulty since.”
He still holds the powerful post of speaker of the Union Parliament and plays the same role in the legislature’s lower chamber, and on Friday he visited the parliamentary complex.
On Wednesday, Thein Sein informed the USDP governing body that one of his allies, Htay Oo, was the new party leader, Ye Htut said.
Shortly afterward, security forces surrounded the party’s headquarters.
The United States has expressed concern about the use of security forces to resolve the dispute.
Ye Htut said the handling of the matter would have no bearing on the pace of reform in Burma.
“There is no turning back in the reform process,” he said. “This is not good for the image of the USDP coming so close to the elections … this is an internal dispute and will not affect the executive.”
Washington’s concern about reform was unwarranted, he added.
“Sometimes, I’m surprised about the concerns from the political circle in Washington,” he said. The country needed free and fair elections to be able to move ahead with reforms, he added.
Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) is expected to beat the USDP in the ballot.
The military-drafted Constitution bars the Oxford-educated Suu Kyi from becoming president because her two sons are British, but a strong NLD performance will increase her influence over the choice of the next president.
Reuters reported last year that the NLD might back Shwe Mann as a presidential candidate after the election.