On this day in 1954, Myanmar secured a pledge from Japan to pay reparations for violence and damage caused to the country under Japanese occupation during World War II.
On this day in 1980, color television broadcasts came to Yangon with the help of Japanese funding.
On this day in 1943, Myanmar’s delegation crashed while flying to Tokyo’s Greater East Asia Conference. The delegates survived but the summit’s plans were short-lived.
On this day in 1958, power was handed to Gen. Ne Win as the Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League government fell apart amid internal divides.
On this day in 1971, Kachin leader Sima Duwa Sinwa Naung died aged 57. When the military seized power in the 1962 coup, he was days away from being sworn in as president.
On this day in 1947, the prime ministers of Myanmar and Britain signed the treaty by which Myanmar would gain its independence.
On this day in 1941, Prime Minister U Saw arrived in London seeking independence; after being rebuffed and contacting Japan, he spent the war detained by the British.
On this day in 1942, renowned Myanmar traditional folk musician Sein Beda died of throat cancer.
On this day in 1869, Mohandas Gandhi was born. His theories of economic nationalism and non-violence influenced colonial-era Myanmar.
On this day in 1939, Myanmar’s first radio broadcaster came on the air as Burma State Broadcasting Service, carrying news, music, Dhamma talks and live football matches.
On this day in 2007, Japanese journalist Kenji Nagai was shot dead in central Yangon, prompting requests from his family to investigate.
On this day in 2007, Myanmar’s military broke up an anti-regime protest by Buddhist monks with batons and smoke bombs, later raiding monasteries and arresting monks.
On this day in 1947, the Union Parliament elected Shan Saopha Sao Shwe Thaik and U Nu as Myanmar’s first president and prime minister.
On this day in 1968, communist and rebel leader Thakhin Than Tun was betrayed and killed by a comrade after 20 years fighting the Myanmar government.
On this day in 1921, Prince Myingun, who tried take down both the royal court and British rule over Burma, died in Vietnam.