On this day in 1963, the military regime nationalized 31 domestic and international banks, including HSBC and Chartered.
On this day in 1957, education reformer U Kaung died in a car crash in India. He initiated free education, expanded the school curriculum and promoted foreign study.
On this day in 1953, Myanmar lost the prominent and pioneering cartoonist U Ba Gyan, author of scathing political cartoons and creator of Myanmar’s first animated movie.
In 1981, dictator Gen. Ne Win awarded the British MP Arthur Bottomley the prestigious Aung San Tagun title in recognition of his work on the 1947 Panglong Agreement.
On this day in 1958, Vietnam’s communist leader Ho Chi Minh arrived in Myanmar for a goodwill visit, bolstering bilateral ties between the two nations.
On this day in 1939, colonial troops in British Burma launched their deadliest crackdown on anti-colonial protestors when they fired on unarmed crowds in Mandalay, killing 17.
On this day in 1943, the Japanese government occupying Myanmar began publishing the country’s only English newspaper at the time, the heavily propagandist Greater Asia.
On this day in 1956, legendary Swedish UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld visited Yangon on the first of two visits.
On this day in 1960, the 86-year-old British author W. Somerset Maugham visited Yangon to recount stories of his 1923 exploration of the country during colonial rule.
On this day in 1946, U Saw, leader of British Burma, came home after spending World War II in a British prison in Uganda for saying he would support Japan if it invaded Burma.
On this day in 1978, then Chinese vice-premier Deng Xiaoping arrived in Myanmar on a six-day goodwill visit as tensions rose between Moscow and Beijing.
On this day in 1951, US medic Gordon Seagrave was jailed for treason because of his devotion to the health of Shan hill tribes.
On this day in 1938, Burmah Oil workers in Magwe Region went on strike to demand better treatment. The strike spread into a wider movement against British colonial rule.
On this day in 1931, a brawl triggered 10 days of anti-Chinese riots in Yangon that left 14 people dead; Burmese residents complained the British favored the Chinese.
On this day in 1886, the British announced the annexation of upper Myanmar, officially completing their colonial conquest but also triggering key nationalist movements.