On this day in 1946, U Saw, leader of British Burma, came home after spending World War II in a British prison in Uganda for saying he would support Japan if it invaded Burma.
On this day in 1978, then Chinese vice-premier Deng Xiaoping arrived in Myanmar on a six-day goodwill visit as tensions rose between Moscow and Beijing.
On this day in 1951, US medic Gordon Seagrave was jailed for treason because of his devotion to the health of Shan hill tribes.
On this day in 1938, Burmah Oil workers in Magwe Region went on strike to demand better treatment. The strike spread into a wider movement against British colonial rule.
On this day in 1931, a brawl triggered 10 days of anti-Chinese riots in Yangon that left 14 people dead; Burmese residents complained the British favored the Chinese.
On this day in 1886, the British announced the annexation of upper Myanmar, officially completing their colonial conquest but also triggering key nationalist movements.
On this day in 1988, Daw Khin Kyi, the widow of national hero Gen. Aung San, died, causing dilemmas for the ruling generals.
On this day in 1941, Gen. Aung San led the 30 Comrades in establishing the Burma Independence Army, which would throw off colonial and fascist rule.
On this day in 1941, about 3,000 Yangon residents were killed as Japanese aircraft unleashed the first-ever bombing raid on the city.
On this day in 1919, anti-colonial Burmese women leaders founded the Darna Thukha, an organization that campaigned against British colonial rule for over a decade.
On this day in 1938 around 7,000 students blocked off the seat of British rule only for the authorities to react with a deadly crackdown.
On this day in 1916, Myanmar’s last king died under house arrest after spending 31 years in exile in India at the hands of the British colonial powers.
On this day in 1954, U Nu, the first prime minister of independent Myanmar, was in the midst of his first official visit to China, helping to ease tensions between Mao Zedong and W
On this day in 1961, Myanmar opened the second Southeast Asian Peninsular Games. It dominated the medals table, in contrast to the current performances in the Philippines.
On this day in 1974, in disgust at Gen. Ne Win’s refusal to honor former UN secretary-general U Thant with a state funeral, students seized his body, sparking riots.