Burma’s Probe of Lawyer’s Killing Beset by Leaks, Confusion

By Reuters 3 February 2017

RANGOON — Burma’s national police chief has taken personal charge of an investigation into the killing of a prominent lawyer and adviser to Aung San Suu Kyi’s ruling party, police sources said, after leaks and conflicting comments by officers about its progress.

The killing of Muslim advocate U Ko Ni, 63—shot in the head on Sunday in front of onlookers while he held his grandson outside Rangoon’s international airport—has rocked the commercial capital, where acts of political violence are rare.

It comes amid heightened religious and communal tensions in the Buddhist-majority country, with a report from the United Nations human rights office on Friday saying a military crackdown on Rohingya Muslims in the northwest in recent months “very likely” amounted to crimes against humanity.

Tens of thousands turned out for Ko Ni’s funeral, and the public is closely watching how authorities investigate a killing the civilian President’s Office has called an attempt to destabilize the state.

Colleagues have told Reuters Ko Ni was working on amendments to Burma’s military-drafted constitution to help the National League for Democracy-led government rule effectively in a system that keeps soldiers in control of key ministries.

Maj-Gen Zaw Win, chief of Burma’s police force, arrived in Rangoon from the capital, Naypyidaw, on Thursday to oversee the probe, which is being led by the police’s criminal investigation department, two police officials told Reuters.

The official, who like other police spoke about the investigation on condition of anonymity, said the military’s domestic intelligence agency was also involved in the probe.

A military intelligence agent told Reuters he was instructed to monitor Ko Ni in the months before the lawyer’s death.

The intelligence agency was primarily concerned with finding out how the suspect obtained a firearm, ownership of which is tightly controlled in Burma, the official said.

Citizen Investigators

The suspected shooter—named by police as Kyi Linn, 53—was arrested after a group of taxi drivers chased the him down. One of the drivers was himself shot and killed.

Despite a ban on police talking publicly about the case, photographs showing parts of a report on Kyi Linn’s interrogation have spread widely online. Officials believe the images were leaked after police used the messaging app Viber to share them with colleagues.

The leak sparked a race on social media—use of which has rocketed in Burma since recent telecommunications reforms—to identify a man who, according to the document, Kyi Linn said enticed him to shoot U Ko Ni.

Facebook users posted photos of purported suspects, and analysed CCTV footage from the airport to devise often far-fetched conspiracy theories. Many in Burma distrust the police, who are under the remit of the military.

Police themselves have made contradictory statements.

A police official in Karen State said the alleged mastermind had been detained near Burma’s border with Thailand on Monday. Other officials in the same police department later denied the arrest had taken place. An official in Rangoon said there was an arrest, but that they got the wrong man.

The President’s Office announced in a statement on Friday evening that a conspirator reportedly involved in U Ko Ni’s killing had been arrested on Monday at Thanlwin Bridge in Karen State after he fled Rangoon, and identified him as 46-year-old Aung Win Zaw.

Two police sources said another suspect was arrested Thursday after a reporter with news agency Myanmar Now tracked down a man who spent time in prison with Kyi Linn. The witness allegedly said the new suspect, who also knew Kyi Linn, had attempted to recruit him as an assassin last year.

Police said Kyi Linn—who is charged with murder—has been jailed twice in the past for trafficking Buddhist artifacts, but was released in a 2014 amnesty granted by then-President Thein Sein.

Another former cell mate told Reuters he thought Kyi Linn would do anything “for his business and money,” adding: “I don’t think he is related to any political and religious issues.”

In his home village of Sai Lyar, members of Kyi Linn’s family were shocked by the news, carried by police and reporters who have visited their farming community in rural Sagaing Division since Sunday.

“I am sure my brother would not kill someone on his own,” Kyi Linn’s younger sister, Win Kyi, told Reuters. “There must be someone behind him.”