We Called Her ‘Mummy’

Myint Myint Khin

Dr. Daw Myint Myint Khin was a well-known doctor, writer and teacher. (Photo courtesy of Daw Myint Myint Khin’s family)

One of our treasures is gone! In a great loss for the Burmese, particularly for the women of Burma, Dr. Daw Myint Myint Khin, a well-known doctor, teacher and writer whom many of us fondly and respectfully called “Mummy,” passed away at the age of 91 last week, after receiving treatment for heart and kidney failures. In addition to her work in medicine, she was a pioneering feminist who championed liberty, and whose influence was known at home and abroad. Her accomplishments made me and others feel proud to be Burmese women.

Daw Myint Myint Khin was born in Pathein, Irrawaddy Division, and received a bachelor’s of arts degree in Rangoon before pursuing her medical studies in England and the United States. She became a professor and head of department at the Institute of Medicine in Mandalay before taking up a position as a professor of medicine at the National University of Malaysia. Then she served as a consultant at the World Health Organization’s Southeast Asia regional office in New Delhi. She published 11 books, as well as her first poetry book, “Poetry for Me,” at the age off 88.

I met Mummy in Singapore at a Burma studies conference in 2006. After hearing my talk about race, gender and sexuality in the reconstruction of politics in 20th century Burma, she came to me and said, “Well, you are right. And you see that our culture has changed. We are not the same. We are not who we used to be.”

“Our womanhood has fallen so far behind,” she said. “We were once admired by our sisters in the West because of our cultural liberty, and for the freedoms that did not exist in the West at the time. But in the current state, the position of Burmese women does not reflect our traditional culture.”

As she continued, she became frustrated: “This is a military-made culture; this is not Burmese culture. It is an embarrassment for us. Patriarchy has succeeded in recent years. We are now truly backward.”

I witnessed Mummy’s wit and courage further when we went for a meal of famous fish-head curry in Singapore’s Little India. As we squeezed in the back of a taxi and continued our conversation in Burmese language, the Singaporean driver asked where we were from. From Burma, we replied, much to his surprise. “Really! From Burma?” he said. “We have many Burmese construction workers here in Singapore. But you speak not-bad English!”

His patronizing comment infuriated Mummy. With light shining in her eyes, she responded, “Because of our government’s

Dr. Khin Mar Mar Kyi

Dr. Khin Mar Mar Kyi

mismanagement of our country, we are in this position. If we were given half the chances that you get, we would achieve twice as much. Don’t tell me, we speak English—of course we speak English! You Singaporeans speak only Singlish. We speak the Queen’s English.” The astonished driver looked at her in his rearview mirror and said nothing more.

In December 2012, I had an opportunity to join Australian Women Leaders’ Delegation to Myanmar, made up of 16 prominent women from Australia, the United States and East Timor. The group, ranging from age 21 to 69, included parliamentarians, academics, bankers and practitioners from development sectors.

Hoping to show the delegation what it’s like to be a woman in Burma, I organized meetings with Burmese women’s organizations and women leaders. Among them was Dr. Daw Myint Myint Khin, who, once again, proved to be strong and spontaneous. The delegation was impressed by what she had done and continued to do. At the age of 90, she was continuing to organize care for “older” professional doctors (many of whom were surely younger than she was).

After the meeting, the delegation continued to talk about her, fondly referring to her as Mummy. The delegation members were so inspired by her and were encouraged to boost their collaboration with other Burmese women’s leaders. One said; “Burmese women are truly natural leaders, very able and very strong. We would be so honored to work with them.” Today their organizations are working with different women’s organizations in Burma to empower women.

The loss of Daw Myint Myint Khin is incalculable. By example, she showed us what a Burmese woman can do for her country and people. Her life is a reminder of how much our culture and our positions have declined over the decades. Today Burmese women’s participation is sidelined, our decision-making is denied, our capacities are marginalized and even our hearts are subject to discipline and punishment. Our matrilocal culture has been reduced to nothing in the name of race, religion, and sovereignty.

Mummy, a towering figure, will inspire us to fight for the rights and freedoms we once enjoyed in our traditional culture, for the liberties that were so envied by our sisters in the West. Her name may not be included in any official his-tory, but she has written HER-STORY, which will be kept in our memory.

Dr. Ma Khin Mar Mar Kyi is an award winning social anthropologist and gender specialist at the University of Oxford. She previously worked as a lecturer at the Australian National University and a senior adviser for the Australian government, universities and INGOs. She is the director of an acclaimed film “Dreams of Dutiful Daughters.” Currently she is working as a senior adviser in Burma.

7 Responses to We Called Her ‘Mummy’

  1. most of her life, she worked for WHO to get big fat check.

    • Hey! Steven

      The one who wrote

      Most of her life she worked for WHO for a big fact check

      I am Dr. Myint Myint Khin’s son.

      It is fine to make critiques of a profile here or elsewhere even an obituary.
      But you should CHECK THE FACT first first before you wrote an offensive post
      (1) My mother, after her post graduate studies at the United Kingdom and the United States worked from 1959 to 1984 as physician at Mandalay General Hospital and clinical professor and Professor of Medicine from 1965 to 1984,
      (2) While she was working for the government she did get a few World Health Organization (WHO) consultancies but unable to take it up because the Burma Socialist Programme Party regime did not allow in-service members to take up even short term consultancies.
      (3) From mid-1985 to mid-1991 (less than six years) and after her retirement she took various short-term consultancies for WHO.
      (4) I know that WHO salaries or honorarium are much (discounting income for some successful Burmese medical doctors in private practice) are better than Burmese doctors or medical academic salaries but whether it is a ‘big fat check’ Is that of perspective and comparison.
      (5) For a person who was in government service for about 34 years and for a person that lived to the age of 90 working less than six years in the WHO is NOT ‘most of her life’.
      (6) EVEN IF (and it is NOT) my late mother has worked for WHO for what you called a ‘big fat check’ so what?: There are at least Burmese doctors who have worked for WHO for decades ( I Do NOT derogatorily state that they work for ‘big fat checks’ ) and also non-medical doctors and other Burmese who worked for decades (much longer than my late mother) do you at least by implication condemn them?
      (7) Be honest with yourself; IF you got a WHO or another UN job would you not also work for it ( Id do not say most of your life)

      I have seen this offensive post soon after my late mother passed away, But then some one repost the obituary by Dr. Khin Mar Kyi and your offensive post is still there. That is why I bother to reply.
      Myint Zan

  2. See, in Singapore even taxi drivers look down upon Burmese. I don’t understand why so many Burmese junta generals (not to mention Serge Poon or Steven Lo) put all their money in Singaporean banks and even send their children to Singaporean schools. They have no pride like Dr. Daw Myint Myint Khin?

    • tocharian, I agree with you, I don’t understand why we are looked down since there are still good people around in Myanmar, ashamed to behave in a way that would tarnish their reputation. There are some Singaporean friends we knew who can’t help admiring such people. I would like to call Mummy Gyi by another name, that is, “The Iron Lady Doctor of Myanmar”, thank you, tocharian,
      Yin Yin May

  3. Hello Daw Khin Mar Mar Kyi,

    Was it 20th century or 21st century you wrote in the third paragraph?

    Yin Yin May

  4. I read the article by Dr Khin Mar Mar Kyi and was wondering what her email address was. I am interested in getting a copy of her film Dream of Dutiful Daughters.


  5. I trained at the Hosp of the Univ of Pennsylvania along with Dr San Baw and Dr Myint Myint Khin, both of whom I strongly admired. Is it her fault that she earned a pay cheque for her work with WHO or is there a current of jealousy?

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