Analysts said the junta is using the so-called peace dialogue to buy time and try and persuade ethnic armed organizations not to supply weapons to resistance forces.
The Shan State Army-North and Shan State Army-South are in a long-running battle for control of territory in northern and central Shan State.
Min Aung Hlaing and Yawd Serk, leader of the Restoration Council of Shan State, are two strongmen locked in a dysfunctional relationship.
The United Wa State Army, which controls extensive territory in eastern Myanmar’s Shan State, has promoted younger men to senior positions.
Myanmar’s parallel National Unity Government said the military regime has no mandate to negotiate or govern the country.
The United Wa State Army is thought to be one of a number of ethnic armed organizations secretly supplying the resistance with weapons.
The Karen National Union is accused of being willing to swap drugs for weapons, despite having no history of narcotics trafficking.
Takeshi Ebisawa and three Thais are accused of trying to sell drugs for the UWSA and acquire weapons for the group, as well as for the SSA, KNU and a Sri Lankan group.
The UWSA is consolidating a new Wa state that will bring Chinese influence near Thailand and set a self-rule model for other ethnic rebels.
The United Wa State Army has deployed hundreds of soldiers to southern Shan State, raising fears that it will clash with the rival Restoration Council of Shan State.
The Irrawaddy looks at the individuals, groups and forces that shaped the course of events in one of the most tumultuous years in Myanmar’s modern history.
A new book furthers our understanding of the oft-maligned, border-straddling ethnic group’s culture and history, and its troubled relationship with the Chinese state.
The generals know well that China has the means and the will to intervene on behalf of its substantial interests in Myanmar—not to mention a long history of doing so.