The government began the process of naming Mrauk-U as a Unesco World Heritage Site in 2019 only for the historic capital to be damaged in fighting with the Arakan Army.
More than 12,000 displaced Rakhine villagers say they are ready to return to their homes but are demanding protection and troop withdrawals.
Fighting with the Arakan Army ceased in November but displaced villagers cannot return home until unexploded explosives are cleared, Rakhine MPs say.
Rakhine State politicians say calling the armed group a terrorist organization is an obstacle to peace.
Voting for most Rakhine State residents was canceled ahead of the November 8 general election amid fears of Arakan Army violence.
Stickers are appearing in Ann Township demanding the release of elected politician Dr. Aye Maung and other political prisoners.
The Irrawaddy looks back on the people, groups and institutions that dominated the news in a year marked by the fight against COVID-19 and the NLD’s election win.
Travel is increasingly common in Rakhine State as the threat of coronavirus and fighting between the military and Arakan Army fades.
The armed group seized Salai Aung Soe but only admitted to holding the Chin civilian when he was released this week.
Three army privates raped a villager at gunpoint in Rakhine State.
Japanese envoy Yohei Sasakawa tells The Irrawaddy he is disappointed with the Union Election Commission for not acting on his advice that voting can be held in Rakhine.
Fighting has recently ceased between Myanmar’s military and the Arakan Army with civilians hoping the ceasefire can be extended into 2021.
A car filled with civilians triggered a landmine in Maungdaw Township, killing three civilians and seriously injuring six others.
The armed group has called for voting to be held in Rakhine State by the end of the year in the areas where it was canceled.
The decision to cancel voting for more than half of Rakhine State’s residents will drive people to support the Arakan Army, say politicians and analysts.