The Irrawaddy

Myanmar Says US Official Barred From Rakhine State Conflict Zone

YANGON — Myanmar said on Friday a visiting US official would not be allowed to go to a region where violence has triggered an exodus of nearly 400,000 self-identifying Rohingya Muslims that the United Nations has branded a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing.”

The self-identifying Rohingya have fled from western Rakhine State to neighboring Bangladesh to escape a military offensive that has raised questions about Myanmar’s transition to civilian rule under the leadership of Nobel laureate Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.

US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Southeast Asia Patrick Murphy will voice Washington’s concerns about the self-identifying Rohingya and press for greater access to the conflict area for humanitarian workers, the State Department said.

Myanmar officials said he would meet government leaders in the capital, Naypyitaw, and attend an address to the nation by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on Tuesday.

He would also visit Sittwe, the state capital, and meet the governor of Rakhine, the state government secretary, U Tin Maung Swe, told Reuters, but the north of the state, where the conflict erupted on Aug. 25 would be off limits.

“Not allowed,” Tin Maung Swe said, when asked if Murphy would be going to Maungdaw District, at the heart of the strife that began when self-identifying Rohingya insurgents attacked police posts and an army camp, killing a dozen people.

While nearly 400,000 refugees have poured across the border into Bangladesh, fears have also been growing of a humanitarian crisis on the Myanmar side, but access for aid workers and reporters has been severely restricted.

Myanmar insisted on Friday it was not barring aid workers but a government spokesman said authorities on the ground might have concerns over security.

Rights monitors and fleeing self-identifying Rohingya say the army and Arakanese Buddhist vigilantes have mounted a campaign of arson aimed at driving out the Muslim population.

A Reuters photographer on the Bangladesh side of the border said he could see huge banks of dark smoke billowing up over Myanmar territory on Friday, while international aid organizations said the refugees kept coming.

“There’s really no sign that this flow of people is going to dry up,” Chris Lom of the International Organization for Migration, said from the Bangladeshi border district of Cox’s Bazar.

“There are still, we believe, thousands of people waiting to take boats across to Cox’s Bazar.”

‘Scorched Earth’

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and the UN Security Council have urged Myanmar to end the violence, which he said was best described as ethnic cleansing.

Myanmar rejects the accusations, saying its security forces are carrying out clearance operations to defend against the insurgents of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, which claimed responsibility for the Aug. 25 attacks and similar, though smaller, attacks in October 2016.

The government has declared it a terrorist organisation and accused it of setting the fires and attacking civilians.
The group said it had detected 80 big fires in Rohingya areas since Aug. 25. While the extent of damage could not be verified, due to access restrictions by the government, “they are likely to have burned down whole villages.”

It said it also had credible reports of self-identifying Rohingya militants burning the homes of ethnic Arakanese and other minorities. About 30,000 non-Muslims have also been displaced.

US Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said on Thursday he had spoken with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and that she said she was working to get aid to areas in Myanmar affected by violence.