Burma

Black Day for Myanmar as Nation Mourns Executed Democracy Heroes

By The Irrawaddy 25 July 2022

Myanmar people were in a state of shock, anger and grief on Monday as they learned of the junta’s hangings of four regime opponents including prominent democracy activists Ko Jimmy and Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw.

In an announcement published in Monday’s papers, the junta said simply that “the punishment has been carried out” against the duo and two others for masterminding and being involved in armed resistance and other anti-regime activities. It’s believed the executions were carried out during the weekend, as family members met them via video on Friday.

Millions of Myanmar people, including many based overseas, had anxiously followed the cases of leading pro-democracy activists Ko Jimmy and Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw after the junta insisted last month that it would execute them, defying global condemnations and appeals.

Ko Jimmy, center, and his wife Ma Nilar Thein, leave Yangon International Airport following their release in January 2012.

The announcement of the execution orders last month triggered a wave of sorrow and fury, as the pair were seen as exemplary freedom fighters against military rule.


Ko Jimmy, third from left, along with his 88 Generation comrades.

Ko Jimmy and Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw had both been political prisoners under previous military regimes and had already given much to the cause of democracy over previous decades, before making the ultimate sacrifice over the weekend.


Ko Jimmy and his family.

Ko Jimmy spent nearly half his life as a prisoner, serving 21 years in Insein and Tharawaddy prisons from 1988 to 2005 and 2007 to 2012. He was first sentenced to 20 years in jail for his involvement in the student demonstrations and underground movement during the 1988 popular uprising, and was later given five years for his role in the Saffron Revolution in 2007.

Ko Jimmy (right), State Counselor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and his comrade Ko Min Ko Naing (left) at a state dinner in 2018.

Like him, his widow Ma Nilar Thein was a leader of the 88 Generation Students Group. He also leaves behind a 15-year-old daughter. Ma Nilar Thein is in hiding for her anti-junta activism.


Ko Jimmy donates essentials during the COVID19 pandemic in May 2020.

After his release in 2012, Ko Jimmy worked with philanthropic projects, capacity-building schemes for young people and educational programs along with 88 Generation comrades like Ko Min Ko Naing.

Ko Jimmy meets then United States ambassador to Myanmar Scot Marciel.

Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw, a hip-hop star turned politician, also became a symbol of resistance against military oppression.


Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw on stage in 2019. / Thein Than Oo

He served as a lawmaker for the National League for Democracy (NLD) from 2012 to 2020 after making his name with Acid, a pioneering hip-hop band starting in 2000. His first imprisonment came in 2008 after he founded the Generation Wave underground youth group, known for using guerrilla tactics to distribute material opposing the then junta.

Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw in the Union Parliament in Naypyitaw.

He developed a reputation as a hard-working and passionate legislator who always educated himself deeply about issues. The former rapper did not contest the 2020 election as he wanted to return to music. He campaigned ahead of the 2020 November election in Naypyitaw but then focused on his creative pursuits.

Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw with former US president Barack Obama.

He immediately joined the anti-regime protests after the February 2021 coup. Following the junta crackdowns, Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw went into hiding and joined the armed resistance in Yangon.


Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw (right) as a National League for Democracy lawmaker with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in Parliament in 2016.

Ko Jimmy and Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw were detained by the regime in Yangon late last year and hanged in Yangon’s Insein Prison nearly eight months after their arrests.

Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw speaking at an anti-regime protest in Yangon. / Maung Sun
Ma Thazin Nyunt Aung and Ko Phyo Zeya Thaw.

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