Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin said on Monday the disputed South China Sea should not be discussed at a meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Liu, speaking to Reuters on the sidelines of the 48th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting, which kicks off in Kuala Lumpur on Tuesday, said the meetings should avoid all talk on the sensitive issue, adding that countries outside ASEAN should not interfere.
“It should not be discussed,” said Liu. “This is not the right forum. This is a forum for promoting cooperation. If the US raises the issue we shall of course object. We hope they will not.”
But in Washington, State Department Deputy spokesman Mark Toner said tensions in the South China Sea would be discussed as part of regional security concerns.
“This is a forum in which critical security issues need to be brought up and discussed, and frankly, … we believe that the developments in the South China Sea meet that criteria,” Toner told a daily briefing.
The issue was not on the official agenda, but expectations were high that it would be discussed against a backdrop of increasing tensions and overlapping claims in the potentially energy-rich South China Sea.
The United States, worried about China’s increasing assertiveness in the region, is expected to repeat a call for Beijing to halt land reclamation on islands in disputed waters.
Neither the United States nor China are members of ASEAN but have been invited to participate alongside other countries outside the group. US Secretary of State John Kerry will be in Kuala Lumpur on Wednesday and Thursday.
A draft of the joint statement to be issued at the end of the ASEAN meeting, seen by Reuters, said leaders were concerned with recent developments “which have the potential to undermine peace, security and stability in the South China Sea.”
It added that there was a need urgently to address the erosion of trust among parties on these matters.
China claims most of the South China Sea, through which $5 trillion in ship-borne trade passes every year, and rejects the rival claims of Vietnam, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia and Taiwan.
‘Freeze’ Proposal ‘Unrealistic’
Speaking to reporters in Singapore, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi dismissed a proposal to freeze provocative activities in South China Sea.
“What to freeze? Every country has a different consideration,” he said ahead of his visit to Malaysia.
“What’s the standard for freezing? Who is to judge the process of the freezing activity? These are very complex questions. So the freeze proposal may seem even-handed, but it’s actually unrealistic and will not work in practice,” said Wang.
China has repeatedly urged Washington not to take sides in the escalating maritime dispute over the area.
Last week, China accused the United States of “militarizing” the South China Sea by staging patrols and joint military drills there.
With the disputed area becoming Asia’s biggest potential military flashpoint, China and Southeast Asian nations have agreed to set up a foreign ministers’ hotline to tackle emergencies in the South China Sea, a senior official of the ASEAN grouping said on Friday.