Shan State’s rich tapestry of ethnic diversity is likely to make for messy politics leading up to Nov. 8. More than a dozen political parties are expected to compete across Burma’s biggest state, where ethnic tensions among some of the state’s minority groups and ongoing conflicts are likely to complicate the electoral process. A host of ethnic armed groups operate in the state, and their impact on the campaign season, election day and beyond is an open question.

Two major Shan parties will compete statewide, as will the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) and National League for Democracy (NLD), while parties claiming the mantle of many other ethnicities in the region and smaller non-ethnic parties will also contest many of the state’s 174 races.

Shan State returns 55 lawmakers to the Union Parliament’s Lower House and 12 to the Upper House. The regional legislature is made up of 107 elected parliamentarians, including seven ethnic affairs representatives, and 36 appointed military MPs.

  • Taunggyi
  • Nyaung Shwe
  • Hopong
  • Hsi Hseng
  • Kalaw
  • Pindaya
  • Ywangan
  • Lawksawk
  • Pinlaung
  • Pekon
  • Loilen
  • Laihka
  • Nansang
  • Kunhing
  • Kyethi
  • Mongkaung
  • Mong Hsu
  • Langkho
  • Mongnai
  • Mawkmai
  • Mongpan
  • Lashio
  • Hseni
  • Mongyai
  • Tangyan
  • Pangsang
  • Narphan
  • Pangwaun
  • Mongmao
  • Muse
  • Namkham
  • Kutkai
  • Kyaukme
  • Nawnghkio
  • Hsipaw
  • Namtu
  • Namhsan
  • Mongmit
  • Mabein
  • Manton
  • Kunlong
  • Hopang
  • Laukkai
  • Konkyan
  • Metman
  • Kengtung
  • Mongkhet
  • Mongyang
  • Mongla
  • Monghsat
  • Mongping
  • Mongton
  • Tachileik
  • Monghpyak
  • Mongyawng
အဓိက ပါတီမ်ား

The National League for Democracy was born out of the political tumult of 1988, when a massive pro-democracy uprising rocked the nation and toppled the government of Gen. Ne Win. It subsequently...

The National Unity Party says its boasts a membership of about 500,000 and has offices in 306 of Burma’s 330 townships. The party is likely to be one of the most pervasive presences on the campaign...

The Shan Nationalities Democratic Party ran for more than 100 seats in Burma’s 2010 general election and won 57. It also won a seat in the 2012 by-election, the only party to win a contest other...

The Shan Nationalities League for Democracy claims to have more than 40,000 members and has established 82 branch offices across Shan State, and in some Mandalay Division and Karenni State locations,...

The ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) was formed in 2010 to contest the general election that year as a political vehicle for many of Burma’s former military leaders. The party...


No Election Watershed for Ethnic Minorities: Report

Research finds that for ethnic minorities, Burma’s much-anticipated election will do little to remedy decades-extant political, economic and social grievances, regardless of its outcome.

Tens of Thousands to Miss Vote in Karen State

Polling stations will not open in a number of village tracts in Karen State, with election officials weighing similar decisions in parts of Kachin and Shan states.