- Dekkhinathiri Township, Naypyidaw
- #32 | June 8, 2010
- Visit Site
- Current Seats
- 122 အမျိုးသားလွှတ်တော်, 217 ပြည်သူ့လွှတ်တော်, 489 Regional
- Contested Seats
- 166 Upper, 320 Lower, 632 Regional
The ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) was formed in 2010 to contest the general election that year as a political vehicle for many of Burma’s former military leaders. The party won more than 75 percent of the seats in Parliament, in a vote that was widely viewed as flawed.
Parliament went on to select the USDP’s Thein Sein as president, and his government has initiated wide-ranging reforms since 2011 that have been viewed favorably at home and abroad. His government was not rewarded at the polls in a subsequent by-election in 2012, however, with USDP candidates losing to members of the National League for Democracy in 43 races in which the two parties faced off. That outcome has set the stage for the 2015 nationwide vote, with the USDP hoping an upper-hand in resources at its disposal and the advantages of incumbency will prevail over an NLD widely believed to be more popular.
* States and divisions in red indicate that the party is fielding candidates at the Union or regional level in that jurisdiction. In addition to the 632 seats the party is contesting in state and divisional legislatures, it is fielding candidates for all 29 ethnic affairs minister posts to serve in regional governments' cabinets.
President Thein Sein will not contest for a seat in Parliament later this year, but has said he is open to the possibility of serving a second term as president if that is "the wishes of the people," among other factors. The president has been both praised for ushering in Burma's political reforms, and accused of backsliding on them.
The Union Parliament speaker and former chairman of the ruling party has aired presidential aspirations. With President Thein Sein's own intentions unclear, however, rumors of a power struggle between the two men were seemingly confirmed by Shwe Mann's Aug. 12 ouster from the party chairmanship.
The USDP general secretary received an unexpected promotion on Aug. 12, when a shakeup of the party leadership saw the ambitious parliament Speaker Shwe Mann ousted from the USDP chairmanship. Htay Oo now serves concurrently as joint party chairman.
- Hla Swe
- Dr. Sai Mauk Kham
- Khin Shwe
- Thein Nyunt