Dekkhinathiri Township, Naypyidaw
#32 | June 8, 2010
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Current Seats
122 အမျိုးသားလွှတ်တော်, 217 ပြည်သူ့လွှတ်တော်, 489 Regional
Contested Seats
166 Upper, 320 Lower, 632 Regional
“We respect the people’s will; we prioritize people’s rights; we address people’s needs.”

The ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) was formed in 2010 to contest the general election that year as a political vehicle for many of Burma’s former military leaders. The party won more than 75 percent of the seats in Parliament, in a vote that was widely viewed as flawed.

Parliament went on to select the USDP’s Thein Sein as president, and his government has initiated wide-ranging reforms since 2011 that have been viewed favorably at home and abroad. His government was not rewarded at the polls in a subsequent by-election in 2012, however, with USDP candidates losing to members of the National League for Democracy in 43 races in which the two parties faced off. That outcome has set the stage for the 2015 nationwide vote, with the USDP hoping an upper-hand in resources at its disposal and the advantages of incumbency will prevail over an NLD widely believed to be more popular.

* States and divisions in red indicate that the party is fielding candidates at the Union or regional level in that jurisdiction. In addition to the 632 seats the party is contesting in state and divisional legislatures, it is fielding candidates for all 29 ethnic affairs minister posts to serve in regional governments' cabinets.

Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) Flag
Major Players
  • Thein Sein

    President Thein Sein will not contest for a seat in Parliament later this year, but has said he is open to the possibility of serving a second term as president if that is "the wishes of the people," among other factors. The president has been both praised for ushering in Burma's political reforms, and accused of backsliding on them.

  • Shwe Mann

    The Union Parliament speaker and former chairman of the ruling party has aired presidential aspirations. With President Thein Sein's own intentions unclear, however, rumors of a power struggle between the two men were seemingly confirmed by Shwe Mann's Aug. 12 ouster from the party chairmanship.

  • Htay Oo

    The USDP general secretary received an unexpected promotion on Aug. 12, when a shakeup of the party leadership saw the ambitious parliament Speaker Shwe Mann ousted from the USDP chairmanship. Htay Oo now serves concurrently as joint party chairman.

Other Notables
  • Hla Swe
  • Dr. Sai Mauk Kham
  • Khin Shwe
  • Thein Nyunt
Fears of religious violence, favors from the ruling party and a large presence of army personnel conspired to land the USDP a standout victory in Meiktila.
We will do it as the last task of our government’s reforms, and it will be our last victory.
- Ye Htut, presidential spokesman, referring to the ruling government's stated commitment to a peaceful transfer of power

Suu Kyi, Shwe Mann Vow Peaceful Power Transfer

Aung San Suu Kyi meets Shwe Mann, with the two powerful parliamentarians agreeing to help ensure a peaceful power transfer following the NLD’s election victory.

Victorious NLD Candidate in Naypyidaw Legal Tangle    

National League for Democracy MP-elect Thant Zin Tun is both facing and fielding legal complaints over pre-poll and election day conduct in Naypyidaw’s Dekkhinathiri Township.

Election Commission Rejects NLD’s Thein Sein Complaint

The election commission has thrown out an opposition complaint against Thein Sein which alleged the president had campaigned for the USDP ahead of Sunday’s vote.

USDP Splashes Out on Flashy Rally in Arakan State

The ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) splashes out on a raucous rally in Kyaukphyu, with just days left to spend campaign cash.

After Purge, Shwe Mann Mounts Campaign Trail Comeback

Ousted ruling party chief Shwe Mann is drawing on his financial heft and remnants of party support to mount a formidable campaign ahead of the Nov. 8 poll.

USDP Eyes Big Wins in Burma’s Rice Bowl

Several prominent figures from the USDP’s central executive committee are likely to emerge triumphant as they seek election in Irrawaddy Division.

NLD Accuses Ma Ba Tha of Unlawful Influence

Burma’s main opposition party alleges that the Buddhist nationalist group distributed print materials and delivered sermons defaming the NLD and attempting to influence the electorate.

Pathein NLD Downplays Defections to Ruling Party

A former party official says the mass resignation of NLD members, who subsequently joined the USDP, was motivated by the ruling party’s flood relief works.

Down But Not Out: Shwe Mann Hits the Campaign Trail

A month after his ouster as chairman of the ruling party, Union Parliament speaker Shwe Mann hit the campaign trail in Pegu’s Phyu Township on Friday.

Election Campaign Period off to Subdued Start

Only a handful of candidates and parties sought to drum up electoral support Tuesday as the 60-day campaign period for Burma’s general election began.

USDP Sends Message of Unity After Vote Exposes Rift

The USDP appeals for unity, saying its ousted party chief would stay “faithful,” after a parliamentary vote exposed a rift in the ruling bloc.

Cherry FM to Resume Broadcast After Govt Warning

A radio station linked to Burma’s besieged Parliament Speaker Shwe Mann will return to the air after being abruptly shut down by the government.

As Election Nears, Parliament to Take Up Impeachment Bill

Parliament will discuss legislation on recalling lawmakers, an increasingly contentious proposition that could see sparks fly against the backdrop of a ruling party power struggle.

Ruling Party Lawmakers Lament Intraparty Turmoil

Several Union Solidarity and Development Party MPs voiced concern Tuesday over the impact of last week’s dramatic late night reshuffle on the party’s image.

Nearly 6,200 Parliament Hopefuls File to Contest Election

A whopping 6,189 candidates apply to contest the nearly 1,200 seats up for grabs between the Union Parliament and regional legislatures in Burma’s general election.

USDP Leaders to Meet Monday Before Parliamentary Showdown

Burma’s ruling party has called a hastily arranged leadership meeting on Monday to prepare for a parliamentary showdown with their ousted party chairman.

Shwe Mann Back at Work in Burma’s Capital

The former ruling party chairman, deposed on Wednesday evening, was back in his parliamentary office in Naypyidaw on Friday, according to a parliament staffer.

Election Chief Vows USDP Turmoil Won’t Affect Poll

Election chief Tin Aye says he will not allow the ouster of Shwe Mann from the ruling party leadership to negatively impact Burma’s general election.

Mogul, Minister Among Irrawaddy Election Hopefuls

President’s Office Minister Thein Nyunt and regional minister Than Tun, both USDP members, are among nine candidates registered to contest seats in the delta region.

5 Karenni State Ministers Resign Amid USDP Purge

Five ruling party ministers in Karenni State resign, including the state’s chief executive, amid speculation that they do not fit into the party’s election agenda.

Election Body in Pegu Criticized for Taking USDP Money

A local election subcommission in Tharrawaddy Township receives funding from lawmakers of Burma’s ruling party, a donation criticized as potentially compromising the electoral body’s impartiality.
Party Politics

Political Parties Sign Election Code of Conduct

Nearly 70 of Burma’s political parties sign an election Code of Conduct aimed at ensuring ethical electioneering in the lead up to the historic vote.