Moulmein, Mon State
#58 | March 28, 2014
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Contested Seats
12 Upper, 14 Lower, 26 Regional

The Mon National Party is one of two major ethnic Mon parties to compete in the 2015 election, and in some cases it will go head to head with incumbent candidates from the All Mon Region Democracy Party (AMDP) after the MNP boycotted the 2010 national election, ceding political space to the AMDP.

The 2010 boycott means the party has no sitting members of Parliament, though it claims a membership of more than 50,000 people and a defection from the AMDP means it also has one sitting cabinet member, the Mon ethnic affairs minister for Karen State. Its forerunner, the Mon National Democratic Front, contested Burma’s abortive 1990 election, winning five seats in a poll that was annulled by the military.

In an interview with The Irrawaddy earlier this year, party chairman Nai Ngwe Thein indicated that the fundamental difference between the MNP and AMDP was that his party believed the country’s 2008 Constitution should be scrapped entirely, while the AMDP favored making amendments to the existing charter. In a subsequent state media broadcast detailing the MNP platform, however, the party said it would be open to either option.

In terms of its platform, the MNP has offered many of the same platitudes as other opposition parties have put forward, including support for a federal system based on national equality, multiparty democracy and self-determination; democratic and human rights for all; and achieving a lasting peace between the central government and Burma’s ethnic armed groups.

* States and divisions in red indicate that the party is fielding candidates at the Union or regional level in that jurisdiction.

Mon National Party (MNP) Flag
Major Players
  • Nai Ngwe Thein

    The 93-year-old chairman of the party will not seek election this year, but has been actively involved in Burma's turbulent politics since 1937.


Mon Parties Count Their Losses after NLD Rout

The major ethnic Mon parties’ disappointing returns in races across the state may provoke a reassessment of their political aims in an NLD-led parliament.
In Mon State’s Mudon Township, a host of hopefuls competing for a seat in the local parliament face stiff competition from incumbent state chief Ohn Myint.
Amid the hype and optimism surrounding this historic event, the aspirations of many ethnic communities will remain unfulfilled unless fundamental, structural, institutional changes in governance take place.
- Burma Partnership, a Thailand-based advocacy group, in a report on ethnic politics released ahead of the election

Mon Parties Count Their Losses after NLD Rout

The major ethnic Mon parties’ disappointing returns in races across the state may provoke a reassessment of their political aims in an NLD-led parliament.

Mon Monks Endorse Candidates, Arousing Ire of Ethnic Parties

In some cases monks backed independent candidates competing against the state’s two main ethnic parties, causing concerns of further splintering the state’s already fractious politics.

No Election Watershed for Ethnic Minorities: Report

Research finds that for ethnic minorities, Burma’s much-anticipated election will do little to remedy decades-extant political, economic and social grievances, regardless of its outcome.

Mon Voters Left Out of Poll Amid ‘Security Concerns’

Residents of 33 villages in four village tracts in Kya-Inn Seikkyi Township will not cast ballots because the area lies beyond the centralized administrative authority.

Nearly 6,200 Parliament Hopefuls File to Contest Election

A whopping 6,189 candidates apply to contest the nearly 1,200 seats up for grabs between the Union Parliament and regional legislatures in Burma’s general election.

Mon Advocacy Group Urges Cross-Party Collaboration

A newly formed advocacy group calls on all Mon political parties to collaborate in order to maximize Mon representation in the post-elections parliament.
Party Politics

Political Parties Sign Election Code of Conduct

Nearly 70 of Burma’s political parties sign an election Code of Conduct aimed at ensuring ethical electioneering in the lead up to the historic vote.

Suu Kyi, Ethnic Alliance Agree to Push 3-Point Agenda

An umbrella group of ethnic political parties meets with Aung San Su Kyi and agrees to work with the opposition leader to push a three-item agenda for Burma’s political future.