UNITED NATIONS — The United Nations called on Burma on Friday to continue reforms to ensure credible elections next year and to step up efforts to protect ethnic and religious minorities.
A resolution passed the UN General Assembly committee dealing with human rights welcomed positive steps in political and economic reform in Burma but reiterated serious concerns about violence and other discrimination against the Rohingya Muslim minority.
It urged the government to speed up efforts to address abuses against all ethnic and religious minorities and called for the release of remaining political prisoners.
The resolution also urged authorities to continue constitutional reform “to ensure, inter alia, that the elections to be held in 2015 are credible, inclusive and transparent, allowing all candidates to fairly contest the elections.”
The resolution came days after the speaker of Burma’s Parliament said the Constitution could not be changed until after next year’s general election, casting doubt on the chances of Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi becoming president and the military’s political power being weakened.
The current Constitution guarantees a 25 percent parliamentary quota for the military that ruled Burma with an iron fist for 49 years, while Suu Kyi would be barred from office because her late husband was a foreigner.
Critics say Burma’s reforms have stalled and the military is reasserting itself after several years of astonishing change following a shift from military rule to a semi-civilian system.
Prejudice against the Muslim minority known as Rohingya is widespread and many have no right to citizenship.
Violent clashes between ethnic Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in the western state of Arakan last year killed hundreds and left 140,000 homeless, most of them Rohingya.
According to the Arakan Project, which plots migration across the Bay of Bengal, about 100,000 Rohingya have fled Arakan since 2012, including thousands in recent weeks.
On Thursday, Burma’s President Thein Sein denied Rohingya were fleeing “torture” in Arakan, telling the Voice of America Burmese Service such media reports were fabrications and international concern overblown.
Earlier this month, US President Barack Obama, on a visit to Burma, called on the government to grant the Rohingya equal rights.